ABCs of our AVAs
Walla Walla: Doubly Delicious
BY RONALD HOLDEN
[twocolumns]French fur traders settled in eastern Washington 150 years ago, in the region we now call the Palouse. Was it named for the grassland, waving in the breeze like a vast lawn? (In French, your lawn is la pelouse.) Or for a native tribe, called Palus? (Another tribe, the Walla Walla, lived along the river, and gave their name to the settlement itself.) The Palouse is unique, with silt dunes from the Missoula floods covered in wind-blown loess. It’s prime agricultural land, whose rich, black soil is planted with wheat, sweet onions, lentils, and, increasingly, wine grapes. Over 1,600 acres of grapes at last count, and close to 90 wineries.
Gary Figgins, as much as anyone, is the father and godfather, craftsman, role model and mentor of Walla Walla’s wine community. It started with a windowsill crop of Concord grapes at the apartment he shared with his bride, Nancy, shortly after they married (the wine was “cloudy and undrinkable”) and grew from there into an obsession. Leonetti is his mother’s maiden name, as well as the name of his winery. “Figgins didn’t sound very romantic,” he opined 20 years ago.
After Figgins came Rick and Darcy Small’s Woodward Canyon Winery, then Baker and Jean Ferguson’s L’Ecole No. 41. Fifteen years ago, there were still only six or seven bonded wineries, and not much acreage. Then the vines planted by Jim McClennan (Seven Hills) and Norm McKibben (Pepper Bridge) started coming online. Walla Walla Community College launched a program in viticulture and enology, and the Walla Walla Valley Wine Alliance was formed. In the space of a generation, Walla Walla went from an awkward joke (“the town they named twice”) to official recognition as an American Viticultural Area and critical acclaim as one of the best growing regions in the country, especially for cabernet sauvignon. When they drew the AVA boundaries in 1984, the mapmakers included the Oregon side of the valley. At the time, it was the first bi-state AVA, but its ecumenical character probably hampered its marketing.
On the Washington side, Burgundian distinctions are evident: the wine can smell like violets on one side of the road, like kid gloves on the other. For example, Pepper Bridge Vineyard, planted on ice-age deposits, has spicy, forward fruit and aggressive tannins. Seven Hills Vineyard, planted on rich, wind-blown loessial soil, produces elegant, balanced wines with black fruit and tobacco overtones.
Over two dozen wineries occupy Walla Walla’s airport, a regional facility that housed 10,000 military personnel during World War II, since converted into space for start-up businesses. Another 20 wineries have tasting rooms, if not full production facilities, in downtown Walla Walla.
The face of the Palouse has changed. Gary Figgins has passed the torch to his son. Rick Small has hired help. The Ferguson’s son-in-law runs things at the old Lowden Schoolhouse. Grain silos still stand as silent sentinels on the land, but the riches of the Walla Walla are increasingly found in the cellars of its wineries.[/twocolumns]
For winery details and travel information, visit www.wallawallawine.com
Ronald Holden is a Seattle-based writer and the author of Northwest Wine Country.